The Sundarbans provides a unique ecosystem and a rich wildlife habitat. The Sundarbans are trapped in the net, with small streams of marine streams, mud shores and mangrove forests, small-scale archipelago. It is also home to a variety of bird, reptile and invertebrate species, including the salt-water crocodile. The Royal Bengal Tigers, at the apex of the food chain, are ruling the Sundarbans National Park with their massive population that crosses counts. The reduction in number of casualties is a result of strict control over the movement of the people inside the tiger reserve, alternative income generation and awareness building among people. Retrieved 14 February Besides the sundari , other tree species in the forest include Avicennia , Xylocarpus mekongensis , Xylocarpus granatum , Sonneratia apetala , Bruguiera gymnorhiza , Ceriops decandra , Aegiceras corniculatum , Rhizophora mucronata , and Nypa fruticans palms.

The area is mainly mangrove scrub, forest and swamp. The mangrove vegetation of Sundarbans has 64 plant species. Earlier estimates, based on counting unique pugmarks , were much higher. The commonly identifiable vegetation types in the dense Sundarbans mangrove forests are salt water mixed forest, mangrove scrub, brackish water mixed forest, littoral forest, wet forest and wet alluvial grass forests. The interconnected network of waterways makes almost every corner of the forest accessible by boat.

Archived from the original PDF on 2 February On average quintals of honey and 30 quintals of wax are collected each year by local people under licence from Forest Department.

The Sundarbans

Most of the plot of an internationally acclaimed novelist, Amitav Ghosh ‘s novel, The Hungry Tideis set in the Sundarbans. Another threat comes from deforestation and water diversion from the rivers inland, which causes far more silt sundarbqn be brought to the estuary, clogging up the waterways. This active delta region is among the largest in the world, measuring about 40, sq km. Additional funding is received under the Project Tiger from the Central Government. It comprises closed and open mangrove forests, agriculturally used land, mudflats and barren land, and is intersected by multiple tidal streams and channels.


The basic unit of management is the compartment. During this time period, the atmosphere is humid and windy. The Bangladesh sundraban of the forest lies under two forest divisions, and four administrative ranges viz Sssay Khulna DistrictSarankhola Khulnaand Burigoalini Satkhira District and has sixteen forest stations.

During the rainy season when the entire forest is waterlogged, the spikes rising from the ground has their peak in the air and helps in the respiration process.

Sundarbans – Wikipedia

Along with the Sajnekhali and Sudhanyakhali watch towers, there are other watch towers such as Netidhopan, Haldi and others from where one can get the wonderful sight of the royal Bengal tigers.

Several predators dwell in the labyrinth of channels, branches and roots that poke up into the air. The maximum part of the delta is located in Bangladesh. Due to the no vegetation, animals can be seen clearly from afar.

Mangroves of the Sundarbans. Islands such as Goasaba, Sandeshkali and Basanti form the northern boundary of the Sundarbans whereas on the south lies the Bay of Bengal; the Matla and Bidya Rivers form the eastern boundary and the to the west side of the Sunderbans National Park is the international boundary of Bangladesh.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Loss of the mangrove forest will result in the loss of the protective biological shield against cyclones and tsunamis. The forest also traps nutrient and sediment, acts as a storm barrier, shore stabiliser and energy storage unit.

Archived from the original on 10 December The area is sundaban for its wide range of fauna, including bird species, the Bengal tiger and other threatened species such as the estuarine crocodile and the Indian python. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Erosion and accretion through these forces maintains varying levels, as yet not properly measured, of physiographic change whilst the mangrove vegetation itself provides a remarkable stability to the entire system.


essay on sundarban national park

The varied and colourful bird-life found along the waterways of the property is one of its greatest attractions, including species of waterfowl, raptors and forest birds including nine species of kingfisher and the magnificent white-bellied sea eagle. Shrimp cultivation had destroyed another 7, hectares 18, acres.

essay on sundarban national park

While it supports a sizeable population of mational tigers and other wildlife, it is also an ecologically fragile and climatically vulnerable region that is home to over 4. The interconnected network of waterways makes almost every corner of the forest accessible by boat.

The property is the only remaining habitat in the lower Bengal Basin for a wide variety of faunal species.


Forest offices and sundarbzn are located natipnal several important parts of the park. Located alongside the Sundarbans tiger reserve, the Sajnekhali bird sanctuary is the home to a myriad of bird species like herons, egrets, Kingfisher, Sandpipers, Plovers, Whimbrels, Sea Eagle, Curfews and others.

This article is about the Bangladeshi part. The natural environment and coastal ecosystem of this Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site is under threat of physical disaster due to unscientific and excessive human interferences.

essay on sundarban national park

Many criminals took refuge in the Sundarbans from the advancing armies of Emperor Akbar. Supported the Forest Directorate with equipment and training, as well as community engagement to reduce dependence on forest resources. Text available under a Creative Commons licence.

Geography of South Asia.

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