Azad took up responsibility for the safety of Muslims in India, touring affected areas in Bengal, Bihar, Assam and the Punjab, guiding the organisation of refugee camps, supplies and security. Al-Hilal became a revolutionary mouthpiece ventilating extremist views. Retrieved 6 July Released from jail he resumed his educational writings. Azad developed a close friendship with Nehru and began espousing socialism as the means to fight inequality, poverty and other national challenges. Institute of Asian Studies. Therefore he [Azad] stayed with him [Khan Ata] for five years and was part of the editorial team of the
The inevitable happened when in the British Government confiscated the press and banned the journal under the Defence of India Act. Azad led efforts to organise the Flag Satyagraha in Nagpur. Kamaraj Mother Teresa Azad had been the Congress president since , so he volunteered to resign in He was one of the architects of Modern India.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad is one of those rare personalities through whom the distinctions of the 20th century can be recognized and possibilities of the 21st century determined. He rose to prominence through his work as a journalist, publishing works critical of the British Raj and espousing the causes of Azae nationalism.
The proposal advocated a federal system with a limited central government and autonomy for the provinces. Retrieved 1 January As Chairman of the Central Advisory Board of Education, an apex body to recommend to the Government educational reform both at the center and ih states including universities, he advocated, in particular, universal primary education, free and compulsory for all children upto the age of 14, girls education, vocational training, agricultural education and technical education.
Fearing degeneration into violence, Gandhi asked Indians to suspend the revolt and undertook a szad fast to repent and encourage others to stop the rebellion.
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Maulana Azad: Essay on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Just two days later, the British arrested Azad and the entire Congress leadership. Keep Exploring Britannica Mahatma Gandhi. Kala March 15, Gravitational Waves: During that time most of his revolutionaries were anti-Muslim because they felt that the British government was using the Muslim community against India’s freedom struggle. Although willing to support the British effort in return for independence, Azad sided with Gandhi when the British ignored the Congress overtures.
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Wbul the Congress session in GuwahatiAzad endorsed Gandhi’s call for dominion status for India within a year. His autobiography, India Wins Freedomwas published posthumously in He adopted the Islamic prophet Muhammad’s ideas by living simply, rejecting material possessions and pleasures. He was in the revolutionary movement from his earliest youth.
In his presidential address, Azad said:. This page kaoam last edited on 16 Mayat Azad was born on 11 November in Mecca, then a part of the Ottoman Empire. The central government would have Defence, Foreign Affairs and Communication while the provinces would win all other subjects unless they voluntarily relinquished selected subjects to the Central Government.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography
If Hinduism has been the religion of the people here for several thousands of years Islam also has been their religion for a thousand years. His greatest contribution, however, is that in spite of being an eminent scholar of Urdu, Persian and Arabic he stood for the retention of English language for educational advantages and national and international needs. I can never surrender this claim.
In the supreme executive of the Congress it is a personal loss. Inat an abkl of 35, he became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress. His studies at Al Azhar University Cairo further deepened his knowledge. Gandhi Rao Pawar S. While attacking Jinnah’s demand for Pakistan and the mission’s proposal of 16 June that envisaged the partition of India, Azad became a strong proponent of the mission’s earlier proposal of 16 May.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad : Biography, History, Facts and Achievements
Azad was wary and sceptical of the idea, aware languahe India’s Muslims were increasingly looking to Jinnah and had supported the war. Jawaharlal Nehru referred to him as Mir-i- Karawan the caravan leader”a very brave and gallant gentleman, a finished product of the culture that, in these days, pertains to few”. He was popularly known as Maulana Azad. Azad also supported Nehru’s re-election inesay the consternation of many conservative Congressmen.
Later in his autobiography, Azad indicated Patel having become more pro-partition than the Muslim League, largely due to the League’s not co-operating with the Congress in the provisional government on any issue.
He spoke in a new language, writes Nehru.